Building Migration Crisis Management Capacities and Responding To Immediate Needs
In Bangladesh, migration crisis management has two dimensions:
First, irregular inward migration is concentrated in the South Eastern region of Cox’s Bazar. IOM Bangladesh is working with the GOB to build a comprehensive, evidence based policy framework to manage the legal, economic and humanitarian consequences of the Myanmar Refugees and Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMNs) migration. Since 2014 IOM have directly supported a large body of UMNs in the three makeshift camps of Leda, Kutupalong, Shamlapur and in vulnerable host communities in the surrounding areas. Cox’s Bazar based interventions with UMNs, tackles poor health through mobile health teams, promotes public hygiene through the provision of water and sanitation services, focusses on the particular needs of migrant women in tackling gender violence and ensure community accountability through implementation of communication of communities interventions.
Second, relates to internal migrants, which represent a significant population experiencing vulnerability due to environmental and migration related issues. While the issues faced are varied, the need to address the migration aspects of their vulnerability is a critical area of focus in the coming period.
The mission’s operational strategies under thematic area of humanitarian needs focus on how to utilize learning from these projects to support Government policy makers in the management of migration crises. As a result, the mission engages in:
- Direct research capability on internal migration for new programmes around robust needs analysis and institutional expertise in health, WASH, shelter support and NFIs, gender based violence, community accountability and disaster preparedness.
- Building capacity in areas of high migration flows and community vulnerability, consolidating our presence in Cox’s Bazar by advocating multi-year funding for a protracted crisis such as UMNs/Rohingyas.
- Strengthening humanitarian coordination structure of the humanitarian response for Rohingyas by incorporating sectoral approach.
- Mobilizing resources to build capacity of national responders in line with Grand Bargain.
- Forging partnership and alliances with UN agencies and other organizations for effective humanitarian interventions.
The National Task Force responsible for operationalizing the Government’s National Strategy Instructed IOM since 2013 through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) to lead a coordination structure for UMN humanitarian assistance separate from the previously mentioned coordination platforms. IOM therefore established an Inter-Agency Coordination Mechanisms at National and Sub-National level. Evolving needs, a growth in response and a plethora of coordination meetings at field level have overwhelmed existing mechanisms thus leading to a new inter sector coordination approach. This approach is perceived by all stakeholders as necessary to respond to the scale of needs and to meet the level of coordination required.
To achieve joint programming and a timely response that is needs based oriented and based on evidence, the sectorial coordination approach acts as an overarching structure to ensure the humanitarian needs of all targeted populations are addressed.
Related Link: 2018 Rohingya Response